This post takes a look at kidney problems triggered by diabetes. It is part of a series in which you can find out the important things that you can do each day and during each year to remain healthy and avoid diabetes issues.

What do my kidneys do?


The kidneys function as the filters that get rid of nitrogenous waste from the blood. When kidneys are healthy, the arteries bring blood and wastes from the body into the kidneys, the glomeruli clean up the blood, and the wastes and additional fluid go out via the urine. Filtered and cleaned blood leaves the kidneys and returns to the bloodstream through the veins.

How can I prevent diabetes kidney issues?

All of the potential secondary problems that arise with diabetes are due to damage triggered when blood sugar levels are beyond the regular range. This is why it’s important to be watchful in monitoring your blood sugar levels and keeping them close to typical as you can. If unsure, ask your medical professional what blood sugar levels are healthy for you.

The kidney is generally a bank of micro filters; and like any other filter, they are damaged if a fluid medium is squeezed through them under too much pressure. The next location to watch, to prevent kidney issues, is your blood pressure. The aim is to keep your blood pressure below 130/80, and this will assist prevent kidney damage.

There are two principal kinds of kidney medications that will decrease kidney damage. These are:

  • ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor
  • ARB (angiotensin receptor blocker).

If you ought to be taking these medications, do ask your doctor.

Diet can be a factor impacting kidney illness and recovery. Your physician or dietician will be able to assist you to exercise a healthy eating strategy. If you have kidney issues, they might recommend you cut down on protein-rich foods such as meat.

Regular Check-ups.


You ought to have your kidneys checked at least once a year. The blood test is used to examine your glomerular purification rate (GFR). It informs you how those micro filters are carried out, and is a basic measure of kidney function.

Medications like aspirin or acetaminophen can harm the kidneys. If you have persistent pain, such as arthritis, you’ll require to work with your medical professional to discover a pain management strategy that doesn’t put your kidneys at threat.

Urinary infections that take place from time to time pose a raised risk with diabetes, so do see your doctor right away if you establish any bladder or kidney infections. You ought to think of an infection if you have these signs:

  • When you urinate, · discomfort or burning.
  • a regular urge to go to the restroom.
  • urine that looks reddish or cloudy.
  • fever or a shaky feeling.
  • discomfort in your back or in your corner below the ribs.

How can I protect my kidneys during special x-ray tests?

X-ray tests that use a contrast agent might present a risk to your kidneys. If you need to have x-ray examinations, your medical professional might advise taking in extra water before and after the x-rays to secure your kidneys. Or, if possible, your doctor might purchase a test that does not utilize a contrast agent.

How can diabetes hurt my kidneys?

When the kidneys are healthy, the microfilters in your kidneys keep protein inside your body. High blood glucose and high blood pressure damage the kidneys’ filters. An early indication of kidney damage is when your kidneys leak small amounts of a protein called albumin into the urine, and this is why the annual urine test is recommended.

This problem is called proteinuria. With this condition, increasingly more wastes build up in the blood. As the damage becomes worse, the kidneys stop working.

Diabetic nephropathy is the medical term for kidney problems caused by diabetes, and nephropathy affects both kidneys at the very same time.

What can I do if I have kidney problems caused by diabetes?


You can not undo it, but you can slow it down or stop it from getting worse as soon as you have kidney damage. This is attained by managing your high blood pressure, taking your ACE inhibitors or ARBs, and having your kidney function kept track of frequently. If you are pregnant, you must not take ACE inhibitors or ARBs.

How will I understand if my kidneys fail?

Kidney damage from diabetes takes place slowly, and you may not feel sick for numerous years. You won’t feel sick even when your kidneys do only half the task of normal kidneys! You may not even feel any indications of kidney failure up until your kidneys have actually nearly stopped working.

What takes place if I get diabetes kidney failure?

One way to treat diabetes kidney failure is with dialysis. Dialysis is a treatment that filters your blood the way your kidneys used to do.

1. Haemodialysis.

In hemodialysis, your blood is taken through a tube from your arm to a dialysis device that removes the waste products and additional fluid. The tidy blood flows back to your arm.

2. Peritoneal dialysis.

In peritoneal dialysis, your abdomen is filled with a unique fluid. The fluid absorbs waste products and the additional water from your blood. The dialysis fluid is then drained from your stomach and disposed of.

Another way to treat diabetes kidney failure is to have a kidney transplant. The kidney can be from a close family member, perhaps from a pal, or perhaps somebody you do not know. It’s all a matter of discovering an excellent tissue match that your body will accept. Many individuals are awaiting a brand-new kidney, so you might be on dialysis.

What are the signs, if I begin to have kidney problems?

When your physician checks your blood for creatinine and your urine for protein, the first that knows you have kidney problems may be. This needs to be done early in your diabetes management, and it’s quite clear that you should not wait on indications of kidney damage to appear.


Kidney illness is a condition that might happen with diabetes, and kidney issues don’t necessarily reveal symptoms when kidney failure is beginning. It’s important to have blood and urine checks done every year to select up first indications of kidney disease. Keeping blood glucose levels regular is one of the best methods to secure your kidneys from secondary damage due to diabetes.

When kidneys are healthy, the arteries bring blood and wastes from the body into the kidneys, the glomeruli clean up the blood, and the wastes and extra fluid go out by means of urine. An early indication of kidney damage is when your kidneys leak little amounts of a protein called albumin into the urine, and this is why the yearly urine test is suggested. You will not feel sick even when your kidneys do only half the job of normal kidneys! You may not even feel any signs of kidney failure until your kidneys have almost stopped working. Kidney illness is a condition that may happen with diabetes, and kidney issues don’t always show symptoms when kidney failure is starting.

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